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February 2020

SCRCA Note: Memorials to SCR Construction Workers at Holy Ascension Church, Settle

Created on 12 Feb 2020.

The memorial tablet inside the church porch The text carved on this white marble tablet reads: TO THE MEMORY OF THOSE, WHO THROUGH ACCIDENTS LOST THEIR LIVES, IN CONSTRUCTING THE RAILWAY WORKS, BETWEEN SETTLE, AND DENT HEAD. THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED AT THE JOINT EXPENSE, OF THEIR FELLOW WORKMEN, AND THE MIDLAND RAILWAY COMPANY 1869 TO 1876. The marked and unmarked graves The churchyard is the final resting place for a significant number of 'navvies' (railway construction workers) and related… Read more

SCRCA Note: Memorials to SCR Construction Workers at St Leonards' Church, Chapel-le-Dale

Created on 12 Feb 2020.

The memorial tablet inside the church The text carved on this white marble tablet reads: TO THE MEMORY OF THOSE, WHO THROUGH ACCIDENTS LOST THEIR LIVES, IN CONSTRUCTING THE RAILWAY WORKS, BETWEEN SETTLE, AND DENT HEAD. THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED AT THE JOINT EXPENSE, OF THEIR FELLOW WORKMEN, AND THE MIDLAND RAILWAY COMPANY 1869 TO 1876. This tablet is a replica: the original now forms part of the collection of the National Railway Museum (ref 2007-7000). The millenium memorial An additional… Read more

November 2019

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of Contract No. 1 for Ribblehead Viaduct and Blea Moor Tunnel

Created on 25 Nov 2019.

The 'Indenture' dated 1869 for 'Contract No. 1.' includes a section headed "BATTYE MOSS VIADUCT AND BLEA MOOR TUNNEL". This includes specifications for brickwork, spandrills, bond of arches, frost, arches, tunnel shafts and headings, masonry, mortar, requirements for completion of the contract and a schedule of prices. For a full transcription of the indenture, see: Review of primary source material at the National Archives (Kew): SCR Construction - Contract 1

SCRCA Note: A change of plan for the south end of Blea Moor Tunnel

Created on 23 Nov 2019.

F.S. Williams' well respected (and usually extremely accurate) contemporary account of the construction of the Settle and Carlisle Railway includes the following short paragraph: We can now see through the “spectacles” of the powerful little engine which is drawing us, that we are approaching the mouth of what may perhaps be more strictly called the "covered way" that leads to the famous Blea Moor Tunnel. It was intended to make the entrance some distance farther north; but eventually it was… Read more

SCRCA Note regarding the spoil tips adjacent to Blea Moor Tunnel South Portal

Created on 21 Nov 2019.

These landscape 'features' are certainly spoil tips associated with the construction of the Settle-Carlisle Railway in the area adjacent to what is now the south portal of Blea Moor Tunnel. However, it is not clear if the spoil came from the cutting immediately to the south of the portal, a 'cut-and-cover' cutting [see note 1] immediately beyond (to the north of) the portal, a conventially mined section of the tunnel somewhere beyond (to the north of) the portal, or some combination of these… Read more

October 2019

SCRCA Secondary Reference: Review of FoSCL Journal for 288270

Created on 3 Oct 2019.

The waiting room on the 'Up' platform of Langwathby Station was constructed during the first half of 1998. The official opening ceremony was held on May 1st, 1998. A line-drawing showing the structure's front elevation appears on page 1 of the February 1998 edition. Pages 11 & 12 of the May 1998 edition contain a brief summary of the project and an account of the opening ceremony.

SCRCA Secondary Reference: Review of FoSCL Journal for 235300

Created on 3 Oct 2019.

The girders and train deck of Bridge SAC2 (which carries the Settle-Carlisle railway line across the A65) were replaced during a full engineering possession over the 1997 Christmas holiday period. Four black & white photographs showing the replacement work form the centre-spread of the Feb 1998 edition (pages 16 & 17).

April 2019

SCRCA Note: Locomotive facilities at Garsdale Head

Created on 27 Apr 2019.

During the planning stages for the construction of its Settle and Carlisle Railway, the Midland Railway Company planned to construct a large locomotive servicing area at Garsdale Head. A report to the Settle and Carlisle Construction Committee on October 1st, 1872 recommended the provision of "a steam shed to hold 24 engines with adequate water supply". These plans were subsequently revised and, in February 1874, a new proposal was presented to the Committee. This recommended a shed to… Read more

December 2018

SCRCA Note relating to station footbridges

Created on 21 Dec 2018.

Only one railway station on the Settle-Carlisle line was provided with a purpose-built passenger footbridge by the Midland Railway Company. That was Appleby Station. For well over a century, passengers at all of the other stations between Settle Junction and Petteril Bridge Junction used foot crossings known as barrow crossings to cross the rails at the sloping ends of the 'Up' and 'Down' platforms. Even the footbridge at Appleby was not part of the Midland Railway Company's original plans for… Read more

November 2018

SCRCA Primary Reference: Plans and technical drawings of Ribblehead Viaduct

Created on 20 Nov 2018.

Network Rail Following a request for information as part of the SCRCA Project, Network Rail has kindly published a selection of plans and technical drawings showing details of Ribblehead Viaduct. At the time of writing (20th November, 2018), these include the following: Ribblehead Viaduct Details of work carried out [1988] Plan view giving details of longitudinal cracks [ND] Ribblehead Viaduct Part elevation [ND] General arrangement and pier repair detail [ND] Ribblhead Viaduct Details of water… Read more

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of Hellifield Engine Shed floor plan dated July 1879

Created on 12 Nov 2018.

Referencing information Collection reference: "Box 67" of the "North Eastern Railway Civil Engineers" collection Collection location: National Railway Museum, Leeman Road, York YO26 4XJ. Document reference: NER CIV ENG BOX 67 Document title: Midland Railway, Hellifield Engine Shed Document description: Ground Plan [paper copy of an original from Derby Architects' Office]. Document date: July 1879 Detailed description The document is a scaled and fully labelled architectural drawing in the form… Read more

October 2018

SCRCA Note: Virtual visits to heritage hotspots

Created on 21 Oct 2018.

'Virtual visits' are available for the following SCRCA 'heritage hotspots': Hellifield Station Settle Horton Station Ribblehead and Blea Moor Dent Station Garsdale Kirkby Stephen Station Appleby Langwathby Station Lazonby and Kirkoswald Station Armathwaite Station Carlisle Citadel Station These correspond with the 'open' railway stations listed below. (Long Preston Station has been excluded as virtually all of the historic structures have been demolished.)

August 2018

SCRCA Note: Heritage features inside Ormside Station booking office building

Created on 28 Aug 2018.

The former main station building at Ormside is no longer accessible to the general public, although a distant view of the west facade can be gained from the former station drive. The following observations relating to the interior of this building were made during an open day held on Thursday 23rd August 2018. It is clear that building's owners are proud of the building's heritage and that they have retained (and intend to continue to retain) as many of the historic interior features as… Read more

SCRCA Knowledge Base for Ormside Station

Created on 24 Aug 2018.

Ormside Station (general) Ormside station opened to passenger traffic on May 1st, 1876 and to goods on April 1st, 1880. On the 15th August 1876, three people (2 passengers and a guard) were injured near Ormside when a Carlisle to St Pancras express passenger train was hit by runaway wagons that had become detached from a northbound Bradford to Carlisle goods train. This incident is believed to be the first recorded operational accident on the Settle-Carlisle railway. The station closed to both… Read more

June 2018

SCRCA Primary Reference: Office Of Masters In Lunacy Order Dated 14th February 1894

Created on 6 Jun 2018.

Executive summary This document relates to a lease of land belonging to "the Reverend Richard Sedgwick Clerk a person of unsound mind" for the erection of snow fences beside the Settle-Carlisle Railway line in Dentdale "for the period of 21 years from 25th March 1894 at the annual rental of £2". The document states that the Midland Railway Company reimbursed Adam Sedgwick the sum of £90 18s 0d to cover "the estimated cost of draining the land on which the said snow screens are erected".… Read more

February 2018

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of 1912 Midland Railway Landplans for Dentdale Snow Screens

Created on 18 Feb 2018.

On sheets 23 to 25, a pair of broadly parallel "snow screens" (snow fences) are depicted as lying to the east of a series of railway cuttings. Location 251850 Sheet 23 includes the following text associated with the snow screens between Dent Head Signal Box and Arten Gill Viaduct: "Earl Bective 8751 10353 Lease of right for snow screens expired Sept. 29th 1900. (A to B)" "Lady Henry Bentink 13436 Lease of right for snow screens expires Sept. 29th 1914. (C to D)" Sheet 24 includes the following… Read more

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of 1911 Midland Railway Land Plan for Dentdale Snow Screens

Created on 18 Feb 2018.

On sheets 23 to 25, a pair of broadly parallel "snow screens" (snow fences) are depicted as lying to the east of a series of railway cuttings. Location 251850 Sheet 23 includes the following text associated with the snow screens between Dent Head Signal Box and Arten Gill Viaduct: "Earl Bective 8751 10353 Lease of right for snow screens expired Sept. 29th 1900. (A to B)" "Lady Henry Bentink 13436 Lease of right for snow screens expires Sept. 29th 1914. (C to D)" Sheet 24 includes the following… Read more

SCRCA Secondary Reference: Review of Mitchell "Life on the Settle-Carlisle Railway" for Dentdale Snow Screens

Created on 18 Feb 2018.

The following is an extract from page 33 of W.R. Mitchell's book "Life on the Settle-Carlisle Railway", published by Dalesman in 1984). It is quoted here by kind permission of Dr Mitchell. Dent, high and prone to being overblown by snow, was a place selected for snow fences - several lines of railway sleepers, set on the side of the cutting and on part of the moor, where hopefully the snow would be intercepted before it could block the line. "In some shops, there were three lines o' sleepers.… Read more

SCRCA Secondary Reference: Review of Mitchell "Men of the Settle-Carlisle" for 253040

Created on 18 Feb 2018.

The following is an extract from page 34 of W.R. Mitchell's book "Men of the Settle-Carlisle", published by Dalesman in 1985). It is quoted here by kind permission of Dr Mitchell. Dent's snow fences looked impressive but were not always effective. "There wasn't much maintenance done. They were just sleepers on end, with fencing wire to hold them up. When I worked as an inspector, I'd sign a form to say that they were still in existence. I suppose the railway was still paying rent on 'em."

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of "Dent in the 1950s" by Rodney Hampson for Dentdale Snow Screens

Created on 18 Feb 2018.

On page 18 of his pdf-format notes entitled "Dent in the 1950s" (see https://www.foscl.org.uk/content/history/dent-1950s), Rodney Hampson states that the snow fences were "pretty dilapidated in my time". (Mr Hampson "was Station Master at Dent from March 1952 to September 1955".)

November 2017

SCRCA Note regarding Garsdale Water Troughs and the associated reservoir and tank house

Created on 19 Nov 2017.

The length of the railway between Risehill Tunnel and Garsdale Station includes the former water troughs. These were installed in 1907 at a cost of £4,396 and, when built, they were the highest water troughs in the world. The troughs ran from 255 miles 63 chains to 256 miles 8 chains (a distance of just over a quarter of a mile).  It has been suggested that this location was chosen because there is plenty of water and because it is the only section of line between Settle and Carlisle that is… Read more

October 2017

SCRCA Note: The origin of the name "Sheriff Brow Viaduct"

Created on 19 Oct 2017.

The origin of the name "Sheriff Brow Viaduct" is currently unknown. Illustration of 'Sheriff Brow Bridge' from F. S. Williams (1876). Click / tap on the image to open a larger version.F. S. Williams included a line-drawing of this viaduct in his book "The Midland railway: its rise and progress. A narrative of modern enterprise" (published by Strahan & Co, London, 1876) and labelled it 'Sheriff Brow Bridge' (see extracted image, right). On the Midland Railway Company's distance diagram… Read more

SCRCA Primary Reference: Review of IAG Excavation Report for Ribblehead Construction Camp Building n6

Created on 13 Oct 2017.

The excavation In 2007 the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority (YDNPA) asked the Ingleborough Archaeology Group (IAG) to undertake a 'mitigation programme' for the archaeological remains of 'building n6' (one of the structures within the Ribblehead Construction Camp). The aims and objectives of the mitigation programme were to: - remove existing rubble within the stone spread to reveal the structure’s external form, - expose any external wall lines and internal features, - provide a… Read more

SCRCA Note: Map showing the location of 'Victorian railway workings at Ribblehead' in the 1870s

Created on 13 Oct 2017.

The map below shows the approximate location of key sites associated with the construction of the Settle-Carlisle Railway in the Ribblehead area during the first half of the 1870s. The map is protected copyright (all rights reserved) and it is displayed here with the prior permission of Nigel J. Mussett. Tip: To view a larger version (JPG format, 620Kb), click / tap on the map.   Map showing the location of 'Victorian railway workings at Ribblehead' in the 1870s. © Nigel J. Musset (2017)